In dentistry, beauty is the result of a game of balance between teeth, lips, face and person. According to Dr. Dalloca, real artistic skills are needed to create harmonious and individual “smiles” that take into account the patient’s singularity.
“Beauty is what, being seen, pleases” St. Thomas Aquinas
A pleasant face, a beautiful smile help us to live well with ourselves and with others, influencing the quality of our life. It is therefore more than fair and reasonable that people today are attentive to the beauty of the smile and ask the dentist for results that are valid in terms of aesthetics as well as function.
Dr. Luca Dalloca is an aesthetic expert who knows the thousand shades of beauty well, having written numerous books on the subject. Graduated in dentistry first from Tufts University in Boston and then in Italy at the University of Pavia, he is president of the European of Cosmetic Dentistry and Health Design consultant, one of the largest Italian centers of aesthetic dentistry and representative of the Oral Design world network.
Doctor Dalloca, you studied in the United States and in Italy: is there a difference between American and European aesthetic standards?
I would say yes, even if slowly things are changing and incredibly there is an exchange of aesthetic standards between the United States and Europe. Until twenty years ago, the classic was the most popular in the United States
smile all the same and very symmetrical, the typical “Hollywood smile”, while here in Europe the natural one was by far the favorite. Now the opposite is happening, that is, in recent times overseas made in Italy is increasingly fashionable, ranging from clothing to cooking, and individualism takes on an increasingly important role, while paradoxically in Europe with the globalization of the media and with the arrival of satellite TV and broadcasts such as “extreme make over”, the canon of aesthetics is becoming more and more stereotyped with consequent depersonalization.
What is the request that most Italian patients make in terms of aesthetics?
The request is more and more often that of a perfect and very white smile: these two adjectives, however, are the polar opposite of true beauty, and it is up to us, the experts, to instruct our patients to understand that in reality beautiful is what seems true and which integrates harmoniously into the context of the face. The smile, on a perceptual level, is responsible for 60-70% of the entire appearance of the face and is therefore even more important than any other aesthetic discipline.
What are the next goals to be achieved for those involved in aesthetics?
The sectors that are always growing, in spite of every crisis, are those that deal with wellness and aesthetics, so I believe that a winning key for the future of our profession lies in no longer distinguishing between dentistry and aesthetic dentistry. All dentistry must be aesthetic; function and biology without aesthetics cannot exist and do not work. It should not be forgotten that sometimes we can achieve excellent results in the oral cavity (or mouth), but then the general effect is far from being natural and attractive. The solution to create a truly valid aesthetic result is much deeper and must be sought in the perceptive capacity, which each of us possesses, to evaluate the compositions in a game of balance. An even more successful strategy will be to be able to integrate several aesthetic disciplines in the same environment, to offer a complete service to our patients.
The 10 rules for a star smile: Anyone can have a sunny and seductive smile with a few, little attentions!
1 A Beautiful Smile Gives Security. 60/70% of the appearance of the face depends on how you smile. A beautiful smile can rejuvenate and change a person’s face much more than cosmetic surgery. It is not just about beauty but also about gaining confidence.
2 Harmony. It doesn’t rhyme with symmetry. Naturalness is important for an attractive smile, i.e. harmony between teeth and gums, and between smile and facial features. This does not mean perfection. On the contrary! The best smiles are those that have flaws. Too much perfection is fake and terrifying.
3 Cleaning. It is the key to a star smile. Proper oral hygiene is the most effective tool for having healthy and beautiful teeth over time. Only the mechanical action of dental floss, toothbrush and toothpaste allows the removal of plaque, the cause of dental diseases. The best toothpaste is fluoride and it takes very little!
4 Mouthwash, brush and dental floss. For effective hygiene, it is important to know where the plaque lurks, i.e. between tooth and tooth (30%), near the gum (20%) and in the grooves of the posterior teeth (50%). After flushing and brushing, fluoride mouthwash, used especially in the evening, is a precious ally for fortifying the enamel from acid attack.
5 Periodic Checks and Professional Cleaning. For perfect hygiene, professional cleaning every six months is recommended. However, if we are lazy in the evening and the thread is not our friend, it is better to contact the dentist every 3 months as the plaque that we cannot remove within 48 hours becomes tartar, which can only be removed with professional tools (scaler) .
6 Smoke, Coffee, Tea and Candies. As well as all sugary drinks, smoke, coffee, tea and candy are the number 1 enemies of the smile since they keep the mouth acidic for a long time and therefore it is more likely that cavities attack the teeth. Furthermore, no toothpaste, however “whitening”, is able to remove the stains that these substances cause; specific abrasive pastes are required on rotating tools or high precision stain removers.
7 Chewingum Pros and Cons. It can be a valid ally against plaque if sugar-free, enriched with fluoride and used immediately after lunch for a limited period of time (max. 3/5 minutes). Doing so can help bring your mouth to a regular pH in just a few minutes instead of the 20 or so that you normally need.
8 Whitening. The color of the teeth is a bit like the color of the skin, each one has their own. Whitening is recommended only in the case of teeth darkened by devitalization, prolonged intake of colored foods and drinks or nicotine. There are different types of whitening: at the dentist, guarantee of effective whitening with the least chance of unwanted effects; home care, as effective as the one in the office, is performed under the supervision of the dentist and involves night use for 5-6 days of customized silicone masks and gels in pharmacies, they have low costs, work but have a much shorter duration over time and can cause problems of hyper-sensitization of the tooth or gum.
9 Pain? It can be the fault of the teeth. Cervical and neck muscle fatigue can be the fault of the teeth. Imperfect occlusion between the teeth and bruxism (grinding of the teeth) can cause contractures in the areas surrounding the mouth, such as the neck and head. A warning: the classic click clack near the ear or even the jaw block. Early interception allows you to solve the problem through a bite that allows you to create a “safety barrier” between the teeth.
10 Lip Care. Lips are the frame of the smile. There is nothing worse than a beautiful smile surrounded by chapped lips or with small or large defects. It is a bit like a Van Gogh painting with a plastic frame. The “smile” award goes to Angelina Jolie, an imperfect smile, but very natural, sunny and goddess lips. It doesn’t get more beautiful than this!